Tie Lo Han


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Oolong Tea
yan cha


new arrival


Tie Lo Han
Iron Arhat



Cultivar: Tie Lo Han
Style/Shape: Open twist, flat-style, medium-length leaf
Plucking Style: hand-plucked
Oxidation: 45-55% Oxidation
Roasting: Charcoal-fired, light/medium roasting


Appearance: Matte green / gray / black leaf
Flavor: Full, bracing, mouth-filling flavor
Aroma: Floral mixed with light charcoal-fire aroma
Liquor: Clear amber colored liquor



Wu Yi Shan
Fujian Province, China

2019 Spring Pluck (late April, early May)

Note on Steeping Oolong:

Oolongs are traditionally ‘rinsed’ before being steeped. This is done with a quick application of hot water that is poured over the tea in the gaiwan or teapot and then immediately discarded. The rinse water is not drunk – its purpose is to help the leaves begin to open during steeping. Use additional appropriately-heated water for the 1st steeping and subsequent re-steepings.


Western-style steeping in a medium-large sized teapot: 20-32 ounces:

Use 1.25 Tablespoons (2-3 grams) of tea per each 6 oz water
Rinse the tea in your teapot with a quick application of hot water
Immediately discard this liquid
Add additional hot water to start the 1st steeping
Re-steep 2-3 infusions at 2-3 minutes each
Water temperature should be 195°F-205°F


Asian-style steeping in a small teapot under 10 oz or a gaiwan:


Use 2.5 Tablespoons (4-6 grams) of tea per each 6 oz water
Rinse the tea in your teapot with a quick application of hot water
Immediately discard this liquid
Add additional hot water to start the 1st steeping
Re-steep 6-8 infusions (or more!) at 10 seconds to 1 minute each
Water temperature should be 195°F-205°F


Tasting Notes:

Flowers – big flowers with a rich, soft aroma and mysterious flavor. Peony, and magnolia and osmanthus. The liquor is even from steeping to steeping. One minute steepings yield big flavor without astringency. Roast is not disruptive, but recedes to the background. The third steeping signals the true start of the infusions that show this tea’s character, and it will steep many more times.

This is a yan cha that will surprise, especially given its low cost and young age.



The first time we tasted Tie Lo Han oolong (one of the yan cha) was during our initial visit with tea producers in the Wu Yi Shan many many years ago, and the flavor of this tea ‘knocked us out’.

Tie Lo Han (Iron Arhat) is named in honor of Buddhist holymen (Arhats) who once practiced their spiritual meditations in the caves of the Wu Yi Shan in an area near to where we were tasting this amazing yan cha.

Our most recent sampling of youthful Tie Lo Han oolong options in the fall of 2020 was quite fun. It took just one sip to remember how impressed we were with such a famous oolong when we first tasted this varietal in the Wu Yi Shan many years ago, and how much we have loved this tea ever since. It is deservedly one of our all-time favorites. We selected this 2019 option because we thought it superb and represented the style that we wanted to continue on with, following in the footsteps of our most recent TLH, the 2016, which just sold out.

The 2019 Tie Lo Han that we are offering here is less-roasted than most other Tie Lo Han oolongs that we have sourced over the years. This style of manufacture shows off the inherent flavor of the leaf more distinctly. Neither style is better – they are simply different, and shows one aspect of the influence that roasting has on flavor and aroma after the degree of oxidation has been decided by the tea master. This arguably ‘lighter and fresher’ style will hold better for those who want to rest or age this tea, and will allow a brighter, more complex flavor for those who simply want to drink it now when it is nice and young.

This Tie Lo Han has an aroma that reminds us of flowering trees: magnolia, sweet almond, lilac, and large showy flowers such as peony and rose. The flavor is neither heavy nor dominated by roasting, it has clarity and smooth fruity finesse. One taste reveals the flavor behind the flavor – that of the leaf itself rather than the influence of the style of manufacture on the leaf.

The flavor over the course of multiple steepings has a long, lingering finish and variously suggests light caramel, freshly-pressed dark apple cider, and stone fruit. The aroma of the wet leaf hints of ripe melon and cucumber.

This is a tea to linger over and ponder. Tie Lo Han is a complex tea in the cup, and it can easily yield 8-10 infusions depending on the steeping methodology.

Want to know more?

img-more_aged New Tea, Rested Tea & Aged Tea

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