En Shi Yu Lu is an historically important, ancient tea, first produced during China’s Tang dynasty (618-907). It is unique among China’s green teas in the way it is made.
Chinese tea history suggests that the fresh leaf used to manufacture this tea underwent some manner of ‘steaming’ before being rolled, shaped, and dried. Steaming as a distinct step in Chinese tea processing disappeared sometime just after the Tang Dynasty, and has not been a part of Chinese green tea production since, except in a very few instances.
However, during the time that steaming the fresh leaf was a step in Chinese tea production, Japan’s fledgling tea industry learned this method from their Chinese counterparts, and adopted the practice. Today, a sophisticated variation of this early steaming step is used in the manufacture of basically all Japanese green tea and is responsible for the distinctive style of Japanese green tea.
For En Shi Yu Lu manufacture in China, this change (the adoption of steaming by the Japanese tea industry) meant that their tea began to be made using newly-modified Chinese green-tea-making techniques: fixing, rolling, shaping and firing. These steps are still used today, with some refinements worked-in over time. Such as, in the 20th century, efforts were made to return to making En Shi Yu Lu green tea with the ‘original’ steam method. To do this, the fresh leaf is exposed to steam on a heat table for a short time. When the steam is turned off and the leaf cools, workers roll and shape the leaf by hand.
En Shi Yu Lu is one of only a few China green teas that is processed using a steaming method. Steaming fresh leaf in the tea factory adds depth of flavor and a bright vegetal quality to the tea. Similarly, Tea Trekker’s Yangtze Gorges Green is also steamed to prevent oxidation.
The flavor of En Shi Yu Lu is floral and herbaceous in the cup, and the tea has a rich body and mouth feel. En Shi Yu Lu is a delicious green tea from an area that does not produce very many green teas and certainly none as famous as this tea.
Fans of our Lu Shan, and Mengding Shan Mao Feng green teas should like this tea, too. Some say that En Shi Yu Lu is similar to Japanese sencha green tea, but in truth we feel that it is quite different in all respects from Japanese sencha. En Shi Yu Lu, despite the steaming process in its manufacture, is quite Chinese in character and appearance; and the very light steaming does not influence the manufacture of the finished leaf in as significant a way as the steaming of the leaf does in a Japanese tea factory.
This tea is made in the Wufeng mountains of southwest Hubei Province in the Tujia Nationality and Miao Nationality Autonomous Prefecture, by residents from the Tujia and Miao ethnicities.
NOTE for 2021:
Some years the leaf tends to roll into what has the appearance of a loose ‘fold’, and other years the leaf tends to crease along the length of the leaf, creating an elongated slender, needle style tea. For 2021 the leaf has been tending to prefer to roll into a medium-long-length, softly-folded, and slender profile, similar to our delicious Lu Shan green tea. We love this tea!